Rat poop is dangerous because it can carry and transmit multiple airborne diseases. These diseases are spread when rat poop and urine dry out and the dust floats in the air. Rat poop is known to carry Human Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis, Leptospirosis, Salmonellosis, and can also induce asthma. It is easy to tell the difference between rat poop and mice poop due to the difference in size. Rat poop is the size of a raisin and shaped like a football, while mouse poop is smaller. A single rat will poop 40 to 50 pellets a day.
Rat poop needs to be cleaned up in a timely matter. If not, the poop has time to dry out and particles can become airborne. This increases the risk of contracting an airborne disease. These diseases also spread when food and water become contaminated with rat poop. Finally, the scent of rat poop and urine can attract other rats, which increases the size of the infestation and the chance of getting a disease.
Cleaning up rat poop requires careful attention. A surgical mask and disposable gloves should be worn to protect against airborne diseases. Sweep the droppings into a plastic bag and remove it from the house. Use a disposable broom and dustpan so that residue from the rat poop doesn’t remain in the house. Next, use an enzyme based cleaner that can be left on the affected area and allowed to disintegrate on its own. Also, throw away any food or water that may have been contaminated and immediately take out the trash. Cleaning up rat poop and contaminated food is only part of the solution. You must eradicate the rats with traps or bait.