Moles and voles both cause damage to yards. Because of their similarities, they are often confused for one another. One main difference between these animals is their diet. Voles are herbivores. They feed on seeds, grass, plants, and the bark of trees. Meanwhile, moles are carnivorous, and eat grubs, earthworms, and other insects. They also differ in appearance. A vole looks like a mouse with a shorter tail. They are often called “field mice”. Moles are larger than mice, and have paddle-like feet that allow them to swim through soil. They also have long pink noses.

Voles create tunnels through grass as they search for food. These appear as lines of dead grass in the soil that lead to a baseball-sized hole in the ground. There may be small pyramid-shaped cones near these holes. Voles reproduce rapidly, and live in colonies. They are often seen outside of their holes in search of food. Voles are rodents, and may gnaw on trees, structures, and other materials. Rodent baits are effective against voles.check out our specific vole bait page.

Moles dig tunnels called “surface tunnels” directly beneath ground level. These tunnels are used for looking for worms and other grubs. From above, these tunnels resemble raised ridges in the ground, and are squishy if stepped on. Moles are solitary creatures that prefer to stay underground. It is unusual for multiple moles to inhabit a single yard. Because moles are technically not rodents, they do not gnaw on materials, and rodent bait (grain-based) is ineffective against them. Specific mole-bait, such as foam or poisoned worms, is an effective method of control. Mole traps are also very effective. check out our specific mole bait page.

By Kenith Oneal