Pest control is essential to prevent wide-spread disease. Many communities in the United States offer community-wide mosquito abatement and mosquito pest control solutions by applying a mass, areal application of insecticide. This is common in areas with a known population of mosquitoes.
Insecticides may also be used by individuals for mosquitoes in the house or garden. Insecticides contain harmful chemicals, and caution must be exercised upon application. Directions should always be read thoroughly and followed.
Many local residents or tourists who visit areas with a known mosquito population may benefit from preventative measures. Vaccinations are available which will help reduce your reaction to diseases carried by these insects. By removing the environmental preferences, you can also help lower your chances of being bit. Preventative measures can go a long way.
There are many steps homeowners can also take, which include:
Remove all items in which water can accumulate. Dispose of or properly store away tin cans, old tires, buckets, plastic wading pools or any other item that hold water from rainfall, lawn-watering or dew. Frequently drain flowerpots and fountains and refresh pet water dishes.
Eliminate leaks and standing water. Unclog rain and drainage gutters frequently. Repair any leaks on outdoor spigots and air conditioning units.
Frequently change or treat standing water. In the case that standing water is not eliminated, ensure frequent changes of birdbaths, fountains and wading pools. Ornamental pools or birdbaths can be stocked with top-feeding minnows that will eliminate any mosquito eggs or larvae. Alternatively, water can be treated with biorational larvicides.
Fill or drain holes. Puddles, ditches and swampy areas should be filled or regularly drained to eliminate egg laying. Tree holes and stumps are also a common area in which mosquitoes lay eggs and should be filled with mortar or treated with insecticide.
Make necessary repairs. Inspect and repair any leaks from cesspools, septic tanks or cisterns.
Flush troughs. Drain and refresh livestock water troughs no less than twice a week.
Allow for correct lawn and garden drainage. Ensure that lawns and garden areas properly drain excess moisture and retain no standing water.
Other natural alternatives can be considered in reducing or eliminating mosquito populations. Natural mosquito prey, including birds, bats and dragonflies, can be introduced to the area as pest control. Many mosquito repellents are available for individual application.