There are two basic types of moths that can become a problem within the home: cloths moths and grain moths. There is an easy way to identify which species is which. If adult moths are frequently noticed within the home, chances are they are grain moths. Rarely do adult cloths moths stay indoors after completing the pupal stage and evidence of larvae existence will manifest itself as damage to clothing, carpets, rugs and furniture. Once the moth species has been identified, additional steps can be taken to eradicate them from the home.
In the instance that grain moths have been identified within the home, the following steps can be taken to successfully remove them:
Moth traps. Moth traps are devices which release a strong pheromone that attracts the insects. Once within the trap, moths stick to the glue substance within and are unable to escape.
Locate the moth infestation. To fully eliminate the infestation, the food source must be determined. Dispose of the contaminated food immediately and sanitize all cupboards and pantries. All other grain items should be double-checked, as these moths spread quickly and thoroughly through available food sources.
Use moth labeled pesticides. In severe cases, pesticides such as CB-Air Devil can be purchased. These pesticides are specialized for cracks and small crevices in which the insects may be hiding. All food sources should be removed prior to application.
Professional moth extermination can be employed if necessary. The best professional pest control operators are usually trained in diagnosing and identifying a moth infestation. After which they will swiftly and safely eliminate the moth problem with chemical pesticides.
In the case of a clothes moth infestation, there are several recommendations for getting rid of and preventing this pest:
Locate the moth infestation.When damaged clothing or other fabric items are discovered, look for the infestation in and around the area. Be sure to check corners, under furniture and within baseboards, boxes and open storage areas.
Sanitize the infestation area. Infestations of this moth species can often be handled with proper housekeeping and a vacuum cleaner. Moths are more likely to be found in areas with high lint, such as corners, shelves and baseboards. Regular and thorough vacuuming of these areas will prevent moths. Be sure to dispose of or strongly sanitize infested items such as clothing, blankets and rugs. Infested ornaments or toys may be placed in the freezer for one week to sanitize.
Apply insecticide. It is important to note that insecticides will not be effective unless proper cleaning has been administered beforehand. Chemicals should only be used for spot treatment in areas such as cracks or crevices. Mothballs can be placed within infested areas. These pesticides release a toxic gas that will eliminate the moth population. Pesticide label instructions should be followed meticulously, as mothballs can be harmful to humans, animals and the environment if not properly administered.
Inspect high-risk areas frequently. Frequent monitoring of areas where cloths moths find attractive (such as closets and storage areas). A trap alert will attract adult moths in the case of infestation. These traps are pesticide-free, and will serve as a warning of infestation rather than provide the solution for elimination.