People often don’t know they have a bed bug problem until they’ve been bitten. Bed bug bites are much like bites of mosquitos; the bites may be uncomfortable but don’t pose a serious threat to one’s health. Anti-itch creams and lotions can help alleviate the itching that comes from the bites. Some people, however, suffer from allergic reactions from the bites, though there is little evidence of serious allergic reactions to the bites. If one experiences an allergic reaction or if the bites become infected, a doctor should be seen immediately.
Bed bugs inject saliva into skin when they bite. This saliva contains chemicals that cause bad reactions. The most common is an itching, reddish swelling or welt at the place of the feeding. If one is victim of a large infestation of bed bugs, the bugs’ heavy amount of feeding may cause an iron deficiency due to the blood loss. Some can even begin to develop anemia and other health problems. Most bed bug problems don’t tend to be this significant, however.
Bed bug bites can be eliminated by following certain steps to eradicate the bed bug infestation. Heat is an important factor in ridding your house of these pests. All bedding should be washed in hot water, and furniture should be heated or steam-cleaned. Areas where bed bugs could be hiding should be cleared out. This involves decluttering so as to minimize potential hiding spots for bed bugs. Box springs, mattresses, and pillows can be covered using bed-bug-proof covers, which will contain and kill the bugs. If you choose to use bug sprays, use caution as most won’t completely eliminate bed bugs. In many cases, the best solution is to contact a pest control company to eliminate a bed bug infestation. For bed bug problems in apartment complexes, the manager should be informed of the bed bug situation as the whole building may be infested and need to be treated.