Bed bug eggs are about the size of a small dust speck. They are off-white and are most easily seen under a magnifying glass. Female bed bugs lay eggs in batches of 10-50 eggs, and can lay up to 500 eggs in a lifetime. Eggs are initially covered in a glue-like substance that allows them to stick to surfaces. Bed bugs are most commonly found around a mattress, and 85% of infestations are located in a bed. Bed bugs are sometimes found in carpet near the bed. Females prefer to lay their eggs on rough surfaces, such as on a mattress or in carpet. Bed bug eggs hatch after an average of ten days. The eggshell is commonly left in place after the nymph has hatched. Maturation to an adult bed bug can be as short as 5 weeks, assuming that temperatures are moderate.
Finding bed bug eggs indicates a serious infestation. A single female can quickly populate a dwelling. If left untreated, bed bug populations can quickly increase, causing human inhabitants to be the subject of blood meals. Removing all visible bed bugs may not solve an infestation, because the eggs often escape notice.
The casing of the egg renders some treatment methods useless. When purchasing insecticides or consulting with a pest control company, make sure that the treatment plan not only targets adults, but also targets eggs. Freezing and extreme heat are effective at killing bed bug eggs. Insecticides are available that kill bed bug eggs through desiccation, which is the drying up of the moisture in the egg.