In 2011 the EPA restricted the forms of rat poison that are commercially available. One of these restrictions requires all bait to be sold in a bait station. Bait stations allow you to control rat populations using rodenticide, while providing a safer environment for children and pets.
Rat bait stations are made of industrial plastic that is strong enough to withstand prying from children. They typically have a small hole that allows rats to access the station. Blocks of bait are secured on posts inside the station. They are secured on these posts in order to prevent bait from falling out of the rat’s entrance hole. Each station is sold with a key that allows the user to completely open the station for cleaning and to replenish the bait.
Rat stations should be placed in areas of high rodent activity. Rats do not usually travel farther than 300 feet from their nests in search of food, so the closer the station is to the nest, the higher the chance of full rat control. Be patient, as it may take a few days for the rat to become accustomed to the new device. Care should still be taken if children and pets are present. Even if the bait is secure in the station, be sure to properly store any unused bait in a cabinet inaccessible to children and pets. Rat bait stations come in many forms, and some allow you to place a snap trap inside along with the bait.