Moles in Yard

Lawns provide an ideal habitat for moles.  Moles eat insects found in yards, especially white grubs.  The soil in lawns is well suited for moles because it is moist and soft.  Moles and gophers are often mistaken for one another.  Moles usually dig shallow tunnels just below the surface of the grass.  This leaves ridges in the yard, showing the pathway of the mole’s tunnel, while gophers tend to dig deep tunnels.   On occasion a mole will dig a deeper tunnel to use during the winter.  When a mole digs a deep tunnel it pushes dirt to the surface, creating a single mole mound.  A mole mound is a pile of earth clods that is centered directly above a tunnel.  This differs from gophers, which create multiple mounds that are located to the side of the tunnels.

Surface tunnels may present a challenge while mowing a lawn, and moles may indirectly destroy plants by burrowing through their roots while searching for larvae.  Ridges from surface tunnels destroy landscaping and pose a particular problem to golf courses.  If left alone, a mole will continue to inhabit the area.  However, it is important to weigh the pros and cons of moles.  A mole can be beneficial by aerating the lawn and eating several species of insects that are considered pests.

When moles in gardens and/or moles in lawns become a nuisance, effective mole control is necessary.  Removing moles can be expensive if the wrong approach is taken.  The most effective form of control is trapping.  There are three kinds of traps: Scissor Jawed, Harpoon, and Choker Loop.  These traps are similar to one another and are set directly above the surface tunnels.  The mole triggers the trap when it pushes against the roof of the soil.  However, remember that it may be more beneficial and less troublesome to keep a mole in your yard.